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Wildlife & nature:
List: Trees and shrubs of East Africa
The species list below contains the names of many of the most common trees and shrubs in East Africa, including both indigenous (original) and exotic (introduced) species
 
Scientific name English name
Acacia abyssinica Flat-top acacia
Acacia adenocalyx Coastal hooked acacia
Acacia ancistroclada Slim pod acacia
Acacia arenaria Sand acacia
Acacia ataxacantha Flame acacia
Acacia brevispica Wait-a-bit acacia
Acacia bullockii Black-galled acacia
Acacia burttii Spotted galled acacia
Acacia bussei White swollen-galled acacia
Acacia condyloclada Prickly thorn tree
Acacia dolichocephala Fissure-barked acacia
Acacia drepanolobium Whistling thorn,
Ant-galled acacia
Acacia edgeworthii Woody-pod acacia
Acacia elatior River acacia
Acacia erubescens Blue thorn acacia
Acacia erythrophloea Red-barked acacia
Acacia etbaica Savannah thorn
Acacia firozei Fire-ball thorn
Acacia fisheri Flat-topped thorn
Acacia gerrardii Gerrard's acacia
Acacia goetzei Hooked thorn tree
Acacia hamulosa
Acacia hecatophylla Long-pod acacia
Acacia hockii White-thorn acacia
Acacia horrida Long white-galled acacia
Acacia kamerunensis Forest climbing acacia
Acacia kenyensis Bushland thorn
Acacia kirkii Kirk's acacia
Acacia laeta Black-hooked thorn
Acacia lahai Red thorn acacia
Acacia lasiopetala Beaded pod acacia
Acacia macrothyrsa Shiny-leaved acacia
Acacia malacocephala Black-galled acacia
Acacia mbuluensis Hairy galled acacia
Acacia mearnsii Black wattle
Acacia mellifera Hook-thorn acacia,
Wait-a-bit thorn
Acacia montigena Prickly climbing acacia
Acacia nigrescens Knob-thorn acacia
Acacia nilotica Egyptian thorn,
Scented-pod acacia
Acacia nubica Green-barked acacia
Acacia ogadensis Slender acacia
Acacia paolii Hairy pod acacia
Acacia pentagona Prickly climbing thorn
Acacia persiciflora Apple-scented thorn
Acacia pillispina Papery thorn
Acacia podalyriifolia Golden wattle
Acacia polyacantha
(Acacia campylacantha)
Falcon's claw acacia
Acacia pseudofistula Ant-galled acacia
Acacia reficiens False umbrella thorn
Acacia robusta Splendid acacia
Acacia rovumae Large coastal acacia
Acacia schweinfurthii River climbing acacia
Acacia senegal Sudan gum arabic,
Three-thorned acacia
Acacia seyal White thorn,
White galled acacia
Acacia sieberiana Paperbark thorn
Acacia stuhlmannii Olive barked thorn
Acacia tanganyikensis Corky thorn
Acacia thomasii Cinderella thorn
Acacia tirion Riverine acacia
Acacia tortilis
(Acacia spirocarpa)
Umbrella thorn
Acacia turnbulliana Velvet pod acacia
Acacia xanthophloea Fever tree,
Naivasha thorn,
Yellow-barked acacia
Acacia zanzibarica Coastal whistling thorn
Acokanthera oppositifolia Poison arrow tree
Acokanthera schimperi Poison arrow tree
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Indian ash,
Australian ash
Adansonia digitata Baobab
Adenium obesum Dersert rose,
Elephant foot
Albizia amara Bitter albizia
Albizia grandibracteata Large-leafed albizia
Albizia gummifera Peacock flower
Albizia schimperiana Long-podded albizia
Aleurites moluccana Candle nut tree
Aloe bainesii Tree aloe
Aloe ferox Candelabra aloe,
Bitter aloe
Anacardium occidentale Cashew nut,
Cashew apple
Anthocleista grandiflora
(Anthocleista zambesiaca)
Cabbage tree
Araucaria bidwilli Bunya Bunya pine,
Monkey puzzle tree
Araucaria columnaris Cook's Island pine,
Cook's araucaria
Araucaria cunninghamiana Hoop pine,
Moreton day pine
Archontophoenix alexandrae Alexander palm,
King palm
Artocarpus heterophyllus
(Artocarpus integrifolius)
Jack fruit
Arundinaria alpina Mountain bamboo
Azadirachta indica Neem tree
Balanites aegyptica Desert date
Bambusa vulgaris Golden bamboo
Bauhinia tomentosa Bauhinia,
Camel's foot
Bauhinia variegata Camel's foot,
Orchid tree
Beaucarnea recurvata
(Nolina tuberculata/recurvata)
Pony tail,
Elephant foot
Bersama abyssinica Bersama
Bolusanthus speciosus Tree wisteria,
Elephant's wood
Borassus aethiopum African fan palm,
Borassus palm
Bougainvillea glabra Bougainvillea,
Paper flower
Brachychiton acerifolium
(Sterculia acerifolia)
Australian flame tree
Brachylaena huillensis
(Brachylaena hutchinsii)
Silver oak
Brahea edulis Guadeloupe palm
Cadaba farinosa Herd's boy fruit
Caesalpina decapetala Mauritius thorn,
Mysore thorn
Caesalpina gillesii
(Poinciana gillesii)
Poiciana
Caesalpina pulcherrima Pride of Barbados,
Dwarf poinciana
Calliandra haematocephala Powder-puff tree
Callistemom citrinus Bottlebrush tree
Calodendrum capense Cape chestnut
Calotropis procera Dead Sea fruit
Camellia sinensis China tea bush
Carica papaya Paw-paw,
Papaya
Carissa edulis Carissa
Caryota mitis Fish-tail palm
Caryota urens Wine palm,
Jaggery palm
Cassia abbreviata Long-pod cassia
Casimiroa edulis Mexican apple
Castanospermum australe Moreton Bay chestnut
Casuarina cunninghamiana Australian beef wood,
River she oak,
Casuarina
Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarina,
Swamp she oak,
Whistling pine
Ceiba pentandra
(Bombax ceiba)
Kapok tree
Celtis africana
(Celtis kraussiana)
White stinkwood
Cereus peruvianus Giant cactus
Chaetacme aristata
(Chaetacme microcarpa)
Thorny elm
Chamaedorea klotzschiana Feathers palm
Chorisia speciosa
(Bombax chorisia)
Bombax,
Chorisia
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Butterfly palm,
Golden cane palm
Citrus sinesis Orange tree
Cocos nucifera Coconut palm
Coffea arabica Arabian coffee
Commiphora africana Commiphora
Cordia africana
(Cordia abyssinica)
(Cordia holstii)
Large-leafed cordia
Cotoneaster pannosa China berry
Craveta adansonii
Crotalaria agatiflora Lion's claw,
Canary bird bush
Crotalaria mauensis
Crotalaria lebrunii Crotolaria
Croton macrostachyus Broad-leafed croton
Croton megalocarpus Croton
Croton sylvaticus
(Croton oxypetalus)
Forest croton
Cupressus cashmeriana Kashmir cypress
Cupressus lusitanica Mexican cypress
Cupressus sempervirens Italian cypress,
Mediterranean cypress
Cupressus torulosa Himalayan cypress,
Bhutan cypress
Cussonia holstii Cabbage tree
Cussonia spicata Cabbage tree,
Elephant's toothbrush
Dalbergia melanoxyon African blackwood,
African ebony
Datura suaveolens
(Brugmanisa suaveolens)
Angel's trumpet,
Moon flower
Delonix elata White poinciana

Delonix regia
(Poinciana regia)
Flamboyant
Dichrostachys cinerea Sickle bush
Diospyros abyssinica
(Maba abyssinica)
Giant diospyros
Dodonaea angustifolia
(Dodonaea viscosa)
Sand olive
Dombeya goetzenii Forest dombeya
Dombeya rotundifolia White dombeya
Dovyalis abyssinica
Dovyalis caffra Kei apple
Dovyalis macrocalyx
Dracaena ellenbeckiana
(Dracaena kedongensis)
Kedong dracaena
Dracaena steudneri Steudner's dracaena
Ehretia cymosa
(Ehretia sylvatica)
Elaeis guineensis Oil palm
Encephalartos hildebrandtii Cycad
Ensete ventricosum
(Ensete edule)
Wild banana
Eriobotrya japonica Loquat
Erythrina abyssinica
(Erythrina tomentosa)
Red-hot poker tree,
Flame tree,
Lucky bean tree
Erythrina burtii

Lucky bean tree,
Erythrina

Erythrina crista-galli Cockscomb,
Cockspur,
Coral bean,
Coral tree
Erythrina lysistemom Lucky bean tree,
Flame tree
Eucalyptus citriodora
(Eucalyptus maculata citriodora)
Lemon-scented gum,
Spotted gum
Eucalyptus ficifolia Red flowering gum
Eucalyptus globulus Tasmanian blue gum
Eucalyptus maculata Spotted gum
Eucalyptus paniculata Grey iron bark gum
Eucalyptus saligna Sydney blue gum
Euclea divinorum Euclea
Eugenia jambos Rose apple
Euphorbia bussei kibwezensis
Euphorbia candelabrum Tree euphorbia,
Candelabra euphorbia
Euphorbia cotinifolia Red euphorbia
Euphorbia cuneata
Euphorbia heterochroma
Euphorbia leucocephala White lace euphorbia,
Snowball tree
Euphorbia pulcherrima Poinsettia,
Mexican flame leaf
Euphorbia robecchii
Euphorbia tirucalli Finger euphorbia,
Milk bush,
Pencil euphorbia
Faidherbia albida Apple-ring acacia
Ficus benjamina Weeping fig,
Java fig
Ficus elastica Indian rubber plant
Ficus lutea Fig tree
Ficus natalensis Bark cloth fig
Ficus sur Cape fig
Ficus sycomorus
(Ficus gnaphalocarpa, Ficus mucoso)
Sycamore fig
Ficus thonningii
(Ficus eriocarpa)
Wild fig,
Strangler fig
Filicium decipiens Fern-leaf tree,
Thika palm
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Mexican ash,
Green ash
Gardenia ternifolia jovis-tonantis Large-leafed gardenia
Grewia bicolor White raisin
Grewia similis
Grewia tenax Grewia
Grevillea robusta Silky oak,
Grevillea
Hagenia abyssinica
(Brayera anthelmmintica)
Hagenia
Harpephyllum caffrum Wild plum
Hibiscus rosa-sinesis Rose of China,
Shoe flower
Hibiscus schitzopetalus Coral hibiscus,
Fringed hibiscus
Howea forsteriana Kentia palm
Hypericum kiboense St. John's wort
Hypericum revolutum
(Hypericum lanceolatum)
Giant St. John's wort
Hyphaene compressa
(Hyphaene multiformis,
Hyphaene thebaica)
Doum palm
Ipomoea arborescens Morning glory tree
Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda,
Brazilian rosewood
Juniperus procera African pencil cedar
Kigelia africana
(Kigelia aethiopum)
Sausage tree
Lagerstroemia indica Pride of India,
Crepe myrtle
Lantana camara Lantana,
Curse of India
Lantana trifolia Lantana
Latania loddigessii Blue latin palm
Leucaena leucocephala Leucaena
Licuala grandis Ruffled fan palm
Macadamia tetraphylla Macadamia nut
Maerua triphylla johannis Small bead-bean,
Maerua
Malus domestica Domestic apple
Mangifera indica Mango
Markhamia lutea Markhamia
Maytenus senegalensis Confetti tree
Melia azedarach Persian lilac,
Bead tree
Michelia champaca Fragrant champaca,
Otange champak
Millettia dura Millettia
Moringa oleifera Drumstick tree,
Horseradish tree
Moringa stenopetala Moringa
Morus alba Mulberry
Musa paradisiaca Plantain,
Starch banana
Musa sapientum Sweet banana
Myrianthus holstii Giant yellow mulberry
Nerium oleander Oleander
Newtonia buchananii Newtonia
Ochna holstii
(Ochna prunifolia)
Forest ochna
Olea europaea africana Wild olive,
Brown olive
Opuntia vulgaris Prickly pear
Pandanus kirkii Screw pine,
Walking palm
Pandanus utilis Stilt palm
Parkinsonia aculeata Jerusalem thorn
Peltophorum africanum African false wattle
Persea americana Avocado
Phytolacca dioica Phytolacca
Pinus patula Mexican weeping pine
Pithecellobium dulce Madras thorn
Pittosporum rhombifolium Queensland pittosporum,
Diamond leaf pittosporum
Podocarpus falcatus
(Podocarpus gracilior)
Podo,
East African yellowwood
Podranea brycei Zimbabwe creeper
Polyscias fulva Parasol tree
Prosopis juliflora Mesquite,
Algarroba
Protea gaguedi
(Protea abyssinica)
Sugar bush
Prunus africana
(Prunus africanum)
Red stinkwood
Prunus puddum
(Prunus cerasoides)
Flowering cherry,
Himalayan bird cherry
Psidium guajava Guava
Pulmeria rubra Frangipani
Punica granatum Pomegranate
Punica granatum nana Miniature pomegranate
Quiabentia chacoensis Thorn cactus
Ravenala madagascariensis Traveller's palm
Rhus natalensis
Rhus vulgaris
Ricinus communis Castor-oil plant
Rothmannia urcelliformis Forest rothmannia
Rubus steudneri
Salvadora persica Toothbrush tree
Schefflera actinophylla Octopus tree,
Queensland umbrella tree
Schinus molle Pepper tree
Schinus terebinthifolius
(Schinus terebranthi)
Brazilian pepper tree
Schizolobium parahybum Guapiruvu
Schrebera alata Schrebera,
Wing-leafed wooden pear
Senna alata
(Cassia alata)
Candle bush
Senna biflora
(Cassia biflora)
Two-flowered cassia
Senna brewsteri
(Cassia brewsteri)
Cigar cassia
Senna didymobotrya
(Cassia didymobotrya)
Candle bush,
Peanut-butter cassia
Senna obtusifolia
(Cassia obtusifolia)
Sicklepod
Senna septemtrionalis
(Cassia floribunda)
Senna siamea
(Cassia siamea)
Black-wood cassia,
Ironwood
Senna singueana
(Cassia singueana)
Wild cassia
Senna spectabilis
(Cassia spectabilis)
Cassia
Sesbania sesban
(Sesbania aegyptiaca)
Sesbania,
River bean
Solanum incanum Sodom apple
Solanum macranthum Brazilian potato tree
Solanum mauritianum Asian bug tree
Spathodea campanulata
(Spathodea nilotica)
Nandi flame,
African tulip tree
Sterculia africana African star chestnut,
Tick tree
Stereospermum kuntianum
Strelitzia augusta
(Strelitzia alba)
Great white strelitzia
Syzygium cuminii
(Eugenia cuminii)
Java plum,
Jambolan
Syzygium guineense Waterberry
Tabernaemontana stapfiana
(Tabernaemontana johnstonii)
Wild magnolia
Tamarindus indica Tamarind
Tarchonanthus camphoratus Leleshwa bush,
Wild camphor bush
Tebebuia serratifolia Yellow poui tree
Teclea simplicifolia Teclea
Tecoma stans Tecoma,
Yellow elder,
Yellow trumpet tree
Tecomaria capensis Tecomaria,
Cape honeysuckle
Terminalia brownii Red pod terminalia
Terminalia cattapa Indian almond,
Bastard almond
Terminalia kilimandscharica
Terminalia mantaly Terminalia
Thevetia peruviana Thevetia
Thevetia thevetioides Yellow oleander,
Thevetia
Tipuana tipu
(Machaerium tipu)
Tipu tree,
Pride of Bolivia
Toona ciliata
(Cedrela toona)
Toona tree,
Indian mahogany
Trema orientalis
(Trema guineensis)
Pigeonwood
Trichilia emetica
(Trichilia roka)
Cape mahogany
Turraea robusta
(Turraea volkensii)
Honeysuckle tree
Vernonia adoensis Vernonia,
Apple blossom
Vernonia auriculifera Vernonia
Vernonia brachycalyx Vernonia
Vitex keniensis Meru oak
Warburgia ugandensis
(Warburgia salutaris)
Pepper-bark tree,
East African green heart
Yucca gloriosa Adam's needle,
Spanish bayonet
Zanthoxylem gilletti
(Fagara macrophylla)
African stainwood
Ziziphus mauritania
(Ziziphus jujuba)
Indian jujube,
Geb
Ziziphus mucronata Buffalo-thorn

Senna spectabilis – Cassia.

 
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Page updated 18 February 2009