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Safari quick guide
If you want to bring a short species list on your safari, you may download and print our quick guide, which contains species lists for mammals and birds, plus general information on safari-going.
More about the quick guide
Books on wildlife
There are good books in English covering the East African wildlife. There are books on mammals, birds, reptiles etc.
More about wildlife books
  Glossary
Safari glossary
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Wildlife & nature:
List: Mammals of East Africa
The species list below contains the most common East African mammals, i.e. the mammals you may see during a normal safari in Kenya or Tanzania. All species listed may not be found in all parks, but if you visit a few different good parks, you have a good chance seeing most of them.

All mammals in Kenya and Tanzania
For a complete list of mammal species found in East Africa, see Species list: All mammals.

All mammals in Africa
For a list of all mammals in Africa, download this rtf file.

Carnivores

 
Ke: Kenya
Tz: Tanzania
Rare: You need good luck to see this species.
Nocturnal Active at night, usually not seen in daytime.
Cats
lion The most common cat
cheetah  
leopard  
serval cat  
wild cat Nocturnal
caracal Rare
Dogs and allies
black-backed jackal, silver-backed jackal The most common jackal
golden jackal  
side-striped jackal Nocturnal
wild dog, hunting dog S Tz, rare elsewhere
bat-eared fox  
Hyaenids
spotted hyaena  

Mongoose & genets

banded mongoose  
dwarf mongoose  
marsh mongoose Rare, seen by water
slender mongoose  
white-tailed mongoose Nocturnal
common genet, small-spotted genet Nocturnal
Mustelids
ratel, honey badger Nocturnal
African clawless otter Rare, seen by water
 

Ungulates – hoofed mammals

Proboscids – elephants
African elephant  
Hyraxes
yellow-spotted bush hyrax The most common hyrax
black-necked rock hyrax  
aardvark, ant bear Nocturnal
Odd-toed ungulates
common zebra  
Grevy's zebra  N Ke
black rhino Ngorongoro in Tz and Lake Nakuru in Ke, rare elsewhere
white rhino Lake Nakuru in Ke, rare elsewhere
Even-toed ungulates
hippo  
warthog  
masai giraffe Tz and S Ke
reticulated giraffe N Ke
Rotschild's giraffe Lake Nakuru in Ke
African buffalo  
beisa oryx N Ke
fringe-eared oryx NETz and SE Ke
Bohor reedbuck  
common waterbuck  
Defassa waterbuck  
impala  
kongoni, hartebeest  
roan antelope S Tz
sable antelope S Tz, Shimba Hills in Ke
topi  
wildebeest  
bongo Aberdares and Mt Kenya in Ke
bushbuck  
eland  
greater kudu S Tz, Lake Bogoria in Ke
lesser kudu E and C Ke and Tz
Kirk's dikdik  
klipspringer  
steinbuck, steenbok S Ke, N Tz
gerenuk N and E Ke, NETz
Grantís gazelle  
Thomson's gazelle  
 

Primates – monkeys etc

Prosimians (primitive primates)
bushbaby Nocturnal
Monkeys
blue monkey  
vervet monkey  
olive baboon Mainly N Tz and SW Ke
yellow baboon Where olive baboon is not present
Angola black-and-white colobus The coast
eastern black-and white colobus Highlands and W Ke
Zanzibar red colobus Zanzibar
 

Small mammals

Squirrels
bush squirrel  
ground squirrel  
Hares
Cape hare  
spring hare Nocturnal
Porcupines
crested porcupine Nocturnal
 

Sources
The list above is based on knowledge and several sources, of which the most important one is The Kingdon field guide to African Mammals by Jonathan Kingdon, the best modern book on African mammals; if you are seriously interested in mammal wildlife you should bring a copy on your safari.

 
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Page updated 18 February 2009